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Wuzhen Declaration of
The World Forum on Rule of Law in Internet
The World Forum on Rule of Law in Internet was convened in Wuzhen, Zhejiang Province, China on December 5th, 2019, hosted by the Supreme People's Court (SPC) of the People’s Republic of China and attended by 81 participants from 25 countries. Focused on the theme of “Building a community with shared future of cyberspace through the rule of law”, the participants engaged in broad-based exchanges and in-depth discussions on six topics, including “The Rule of Law in Cyberspace”, “Innovation and Development: Online Courts”, etc. Analyses were conducted on the basic status quo and developing trends worldwide with respect to the role and status of the courts in the rule of law in cyberspace; achievements and experiences in the delivery of judicial services and practices and the execution of the judicial role over the Internet in China and participating countries were shared.
Representatives of the participating parties took note of the far-reaching influence of the information technology revolution on politics, the economy, law and culture worldwide. They thoroughly discussed the opportunities and challenges for legal systems and judiciaries relating to the innovation and development of Internet technology. The Forum’s goals of summing up experiences, exchanging views, building consensus, and deepening cooperation have been effectively realized, thus drawing a widely-recognized prospect for the development of the rule of law in cyberspace.
Representatives of the participating parties hereby declare:
I. Based on the prevailing social, economic, legal and institutional foundations in each country, mutual understanding and respect should be observed for each other's Internet development strategies and national interests, with a view to promoting the rule of law in cyberspace, thus building a community of common future in cyberspace shared by all.
II. Having regard to the principles of openness, cooperation, mutual benefit, sharing, inclusiveness and sustainable development, jointly respond to the challenges in the Internet era, and strive to promote international rules concerning cyberspace, thus facilitating global cyberspace governance.
III. Maintain a judicial system that is fair, open, convenient, efficient and reliable. Furthermore, explore the possibilities of reasonable application potentiality of artificial intelligence, block chain and other information technologies in the judicial field to provide intelligent, accessible and convenient justice services, thus meeting the diverse judicial needs of the public.
IV. Having regard to scientific, technological and judicial ethics, accelerate the construction of information platforms in the courts to promote the in-depth integration of information technology and justice, and increase channels for the sharing of Internet digital legal and litigation data; provide digitalized and intelligent solutions for improving case adjudication and management, thereby enhancing the overall judicial capability of the courts.
V. Study the impact of application of information technology on the litigation process and litigation systems. Having regard to the judicial practices and legal systems of different countries, foster cooperation to enhance respective national online litigation system, namely, to explore and establish online litigation rules such as those concerning online court hearings, electronic evidence, electronic service of documents and electronic files, thus improving the litigation system in the Internet era.
VI. Endeavor to adapt to the innovation and development needs of the digital economy, protect intellectual property rights and virtual property rights, so as to maintain a fair and competitive economic order, thus creating a favorable business environment for the development of the digital economy.
VII. With due regard to our respective mandates and in accordance with each country’s domestic laws and regulations, and conventions and treaties that respective countries are parties to, protect personal information and privacy, contribute to efforts to clarify the responsibilities of enterprises, organizations and users in preventing the abuse of information, making the Internet a safer place for all users.
VIII. Cope with the challenges of cyber security, prosecute and punish cybercrimes in accordance with each country’s domestic laws, and promote the quality and efficiency of criminal justice, thus creating a safe and orderly international cyberspace.
IX. Intensify the skills training of judges and other judicial personnel, to enhance the comprehensive ability and professional capability of judicial personnel in the Internet era, thus continuously improving judicial competence, efficiency and credibility.
X. Endeavor to build a normalized international exchange and cooperation mechanism, facilitating mutual learning, collaboration and effective cooperation of the governance rules and methods for cyberspace through sharing experiences of the application of information technology in each country’s judicial systems, typical cases and data resources, as well as organizing international fora and dialogues.
This declaration, written in Chinese and English, is adopted on December 5th, 2019 in Wuzhen, Zhejiang Province, China.